Netherlands, also often referred to as Holland ( UK : Holland combine ) or Dutch or Wilanda a country elements (constituent country) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It consists of twelve provinces in Western Europe. And three islands in the Caribbean The Netherlands, on the European continent, is bounded north and west by the North Sea, and south of Belgium. And the east takes GermanyAnd it shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom [Netherlands was one of the first countries in the world to have an elected parliament. And ruled by a democratic parliamentary system organized into a single state capital of the Netherlands, as stated in the Constitution is Amsterdam , but the government is located in The Hague, the Netherlands are all often called "Holland" in which to use it. Strict will mean The provinces of North Holland and South Holland only are considered incorrect, or informal It depends on the context, but it is generally accepted when referring to the national football team.
The Netherlands is a founding member of the European Union G-10 NATO, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization. And is part of the Trilateral Economic Union , Benelux, the Netherlands is home to Organization of the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons And five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration International Court of Justice International Criminal Court The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon The first four courts are located in The Hague, as are Europol, the European Union's Criminal Intelligence Agency, and Eurobust.Office of Judicial Cooperation Causing the Hague to be nicknamed "Legal Capital of the World" The Netherlands is a mixed economy based on the market. It ranks 17th out of 177 countries on the Economic Freedom Index In 2011 it was the 10th highest per capita income country in the world. In May the same year, the OECD classified the Netherlands as a country. "Happiest" in the world, which reflects a high standard of living